Wiki Leak in US

FY2004 Supplemental Appropriations for
Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Global War on
Terrorism: Military Operations and
Reconstruction Assistance
Most Recent Developments
On October 29, House and Senate appropriators announced a conference
agreement, H.Rept. 108-337, on H.R. 3289, a bill providing supplemental
appropriations for military operations and for reconstruction assistance in Iraq and
Afghanistan. The House approved the bill by a vote of 298-121 on October 31, and
the Senate approved it by voice vote on November 3. The President signed the bill
into law, P.L. 108-106, on November 6. The conference agreement rejected a Senate
proposal to provide about half of the Iraq reconstruction assistance as loans.
For a review of conference action on key issues, see the section entitled “Key
Issues in Conference,” below.

In a nationwide address on September 7, 2003, the President announced that he
would request an additional $87 billion for reconstruction assistance to Iraq and
Afghanistan and for ongoing military operations there and elsewhere.1 On September
17, the White House submitted a formal request for the funds to Congress. On
September 21, the Defense Department provided backup material to congressional
committees.2 On September 23, the Coalition Provisional Authority that is
administering Iraq provided information on the details of its request for
reconstruction aid.
Congressional consideration of the request was completed on November 3,
when the Senate approved a conference agreement on H.R. 3289 providing In a nationwide address on September 7, 2003, the President announced that he
would request an additional $87 billion for reconstruction assistance to Iraq and
Afghanistan and for ongoing military operations there and elsewhere.1 On September
17, the White House submitted a formal request for the funds to Congress. On
September 21, the Defense Department provided backup material to congressional
committees.2 On September 23, the Coalition Provisional Authority that is
administering Iraq provided information on the details of its request for
reconstruction aid.
Congressional consideration of the request was completed on November 3,
when the Senate approved a conference agreement on H.R. 3289 providing supplemental appropriations of $87.5 billion for FY2004. Earlier, congressional
committees held a number of hearings on issues raised by the Administration request.
Readers in congressional offices may click on the highlighted hearings listed below
(in the .html version of this report) to link to hearing transcripts.
Iraq Supplemental Hearings
September 9:
Senate Armed Services Committee — Witnesses: Paul Wolfowitz, General Richard
Myers, Dov Zakheim, Marc Grossman
September 16:
Senate Banking Committee — Witnesses: Alan Larson, John Taylor, Phillip Merrill
September 22:
Senate Appropriations Committee — Witness: L. Paul Bremer
September 24:
House Foreign Operations Appropriations Subcommittee — Witnesses: L. Paul Bremer,
General John Abizaid
Senate Appropriations Committee — Witnesses: Donald Rumsfeld, General Richard
Myers, General John Abizaid, Dov Zackheim
Senate Foreign Relations Committee — Witness: L. Paul Bremer
House Armed Services Committee — Witnesses: Paul Wolfowitz, L. Paul Bremer,
General John Abizaid, and General John Keane
House International Relations Committee — Witness: L. Paul Bremer
September 25:
Senate Armed Services Committee — Witnesses: L. Paul Bremer, General John Abizaid
September 30:
House Defense Appropriations Subcommittee — Witnesses: Donald Rumsfeld, General
Richard Myers, Dov Zakheim
House Foreign Operations Appropriations Subcommittee — Witnesses: Richard L.
Armitage, Andrew S. Natsios
October 2, 2003:
House Military Construction Appropriations Subcommittee — Witnesses: Ray Dubois,
Larry Lanzillotta, Major General Larry Lust, Major General Dean Fox
House Armed Services Committee — Witnesses: Admiral E. P. Giambastiani,
Brigadier General Robert Cone.
During congressional debate, a wide range of legislative proposals addressing
costs, burdensharing, and other issues were considered, including measures to
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require the Administration to provide reports on Iraq policy, giving
details of plans to establish security and restore basic services;
roll back reductions in the top income tax rate from 2005 through
2010 enough to offset costs;
encourage greater allied contributions of troops and reconstruction
aid;
transfer control of Iraq reconstruction from the Defense Department
to the State Department; and
require fair and open competition on contracts in Iraq.
The major issue in Congress was whether to provide Iraq reconstruction funds as
grants, as the Administration proposed, or as loans.
CRS-3
The following discussion (1) briefly reviews the basic elements of the request;
(2) discusses the debate about long-term costs; (3) discusses congressional action on
key legislative proposals; (4) provides an overview of funding for ongoing military
operations in Iraq, Afghanistan, and elsewhere; and (5) provides an overview of
funding for reconstruction and security in Iraq, for reconstruction in Afghanistan, and
for other foreign policy initiatives.

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